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Report on The Legal, Institutional and Policy Framework For REDD+ In Pakistan

In April 2017, RSIL drafted a policy, law and regulation review for the UN-FAO on the REDD+ strategy. REDD+ is a strategy that incentivizes the reduction of deforestation and forest degradation. It falls within the umbrella of the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change. In this regard, RSIL conducted a comprehensive review of all the laws that pertain to forestry in Pakistan. The three main sections of the report deal with are the national context and approach to REDD+ in Pakistan, a review of the institutional framework pertaining to REDD+ and finally a policy, law and regulation review of all the laws that relate to the strategy.

In preparing this report, RSIL traced the genesis of REDD+ from the Kyoto Protocol to the Cancun Agreement. It’s development in the later Warsaw and Paris Agreements was also discussed. This section is of importance to someone new to the policy and aims to develop awareness and capacity on REDD+ in Pakistan.  The report also focuses on the need for such a targeted strategy in Pakistan and the priority given to climate change generally and forestry particularly in light of Pakistan’s other commitments such as CPEC and its ongoing counter-terrorism and counter-militancy operations.

RSIL’s report contains an analysis of all the laws, policies and regulations relating to forestry in Pakistan. The idea behind conducting research on all the forest laws of Pakistan was to provide a legal strategy for the incorporation of REDD+. This included a review of the forestry departments in the provinces, from laws relating to a model of transparent benefit sharing to laws that could ensure stakeholder engagement at grass root and private levels.

A mapping exercise was also conducted for all the institutions that could implement and support a national REDD+ strategy in Pakistan. This included statutory bodies such as the Climate Change Authority, international organizations, NGOs, provincial bodies and other institutions.

The report concludes with legal recommendations for effective grass root application of REDD+ in Pakistan. It reviews the recently enacted Climate Change Act 2017 and recommends that this law should serve as the focal instrument for incorporation of REDD+ in Pakistan.

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Report Authors
Mr. Ahmer Bilal Soofi President, Research Society of International Law
Advocate Supreme Court Of Pakistan
Ms. Minahil Khan
Research Associate, Research Society of International Law
Contributors
Mr. Jamal Aziz Executive Director, Research Society of International Law
Mr. Fahd Qaisrani Research Associate, Research Society of International Law
Mr. Khubab Aziz Associate, Ahmer Bilal Soofi & Company
Ms. Hafsa Durrani
Junior Research Associate, Research Society of International Law
Ms. Sana Taha Intern

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 – INTRODUCTION

Chapter 2 – NATIONAL CONTEXT AND APPROACH TO REDD+ 

Chapter 3 – POLICY, LAW AND REGULATION REVIEW

Chapter 4 – LAND TENURE LAWS IN PAKISTAN

Chapter 5 – DRIVERS OF DEFORESTATION & DEGRADATION, BENEFIT SHARING, STAKEHOLDERS ENGAGEMENT AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION UNDER DOMESTIC LAW 

Chapter 6 – REVIEW OF THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK PERTAINING TO LAND, FOREST, CLIMATE MITIGATION AND REDD+

Chapter 7 – RECOMMENDATIONS