Health v. Privacy in the Age of Cyber Surveillance

As States around the world struggle with rising figures of those infected with coronavirus, they are increasingly turning to cyber-surveillance. Increasingly, governments are investing in and rolling out smartphone apps to track citizens’ movements, trace locations and map outbreaks in a bid to tackle COVID-19. While not without its benefits, the proliferation of cyber surveillance raises important concerns regarding health rights and privacy of ordinary citizens.

The COVID-19 Law & Policy Challenge

As the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) continues to create turmoil across the world, states are faced with an unprecedented policy challenge in addressing the pandemic. In order to play our part, RSIL has dedicated its resources to conducting extensive research on how Pakistan can cope in these uncertain circumstances from a law & policy perspective.

The Spread of COVID-19 in Pakistan

The novel coronavirus, COVID-19 is a highly communicable disease, labelled as a modern-era pandemic and a public health emergency by the World Health Organization. Spreading throughout the world, it has infected millions, and claimed the lives of more than 170,000 people. Countries all over are faced with the unenviable challenge of balancing the health of their citizens — with stay-at-home orders, closure of industries, etc — and the need to ensure that social safety nets to maintain the livelihoods of the poorest demographics.

US-Iran Conflict: How International Law Protects Cultural Property In Armed Conflict

after growing hostilities between the US and Iran, President Trump threatened to attack Iran’s cultural sites. He tweeted that the US had identified 52 Iranian sites some of which were “at a very high level and important to Iran and the Iranian culture” warning that they would be hit if Tehran conducted any revenge attacks. The Pentagon has since ruled out the targeting of Iranian cultural sites with the Defense Secretary acknowledging that this would be a war crime.[1] This article will analyse the protection provided to cultural sites during an armed conflict in IHL and any possible repercussions under the law of state responsibility as well as international criminal law.

International Law And Militarization Of Artificial Intelligence

Countries are already utilizing artificial intelligence based weapons in armed conflicts and this use has changed the scope of warfare from being a solely human endeavor. For instance, the United States has operated robots named SWORDS (Special Weapons Observation Reconnaissance Direct Action System) in Afghanistan used to detect and disable improvised explosive devices. However, these…