The US-Taliban Peace Deal and International Law

After over 18 years of war in Afghanistan, the US and the Taliban, the two parties to the conflict i.e. a State and an Insurrectional Movement respectively, concluded the “Agreement for Bringing Peace to Afghanistan” (“Doha Accord”) with a view to end the war.[1] This article will engage in a two part inquiry. It will…

Health v. Privacy in the Age of Cyber Surveillance

As States around the world struggle with rising figures of those infected with coronavirus, they are increasingly turning to cyber-surveillance. Increasingly, governments are investing in and rolling out smartphone apps to track citizens’ movements, trace locations and map outbreaks in a bid to tackle COVID-19. While not without its benefits, the proliferation of cyber surveillance raises important concerns regarding health rights and privacy of ordinary citizens.

The Spread of COVID-19 in Pakistan

The novel coronavirus, COVID-19 is a highly communicable disease, labelled as a modern-era pandemic and a public health emergency by the World Health Organization. Spreading throughout the world, it has infected millions, and claimed the lives of more than 170,000 people. Countries all over are faced with the unenviable challenge of balancing the health of their citizens — with stay-at-home orders, closure of industries, etc — and the need to ensure that social safety nets to maintain the livelihoods of the poorest demographics.

The Coronavirus in Indian-Occupied Kashmir

The first case of coronavirus in Indian-Occupied Kashmir was reported on March 20, 2020.[1] Conflict-affected regions such as the Kashmir valley are acutely vulnerable to the spread of the virus and there are concerns that this could lead to serious humanitarian consequences in the region. This vulnerability is due to the fact that prolonged unrest…

US-Iran Conflict: How International Law Protects Cultural Property In Armed Conflict

after growing hostilities between the US and Iran, President Trump threatened to attack Iran’s cultural sites. He tweeted that the US had identified 52 Iranian sites some of which were “at a very high level and important to Iran and the Iranian culture” warning that they would be hit if Tehran conducted any revenge attacks. The Pentagon has since ruled out the targeting of Iranian cultural sites with the Defense Secretary acknowledging that this would be a war crime.[1] This article will analyse the protection provided to cultural sites during an armed conflict in IHL and any possible repercussions under the law of state responsibility as well as international criminal law.