Since the first publication of this Guide in 2020, Pakistan’s AML/CFT has evolved significantly. The second edition reflects these dynamic changes and incorporates the latest laws, guidelines, statutory regulatory orders in effect in Pakistan’s AML/CFT regime. A notable enhancement is the detailed discussion on Designated Non-Financial Businesses and Professions (DNFBPs) in Chapter 6, reflecting their growing relevance in AML/CTF efforts. Chapter 3 has been revised to include the updated National Risk Assessment, offering a current view of the risks and vulnerabilities Pakistan faces in this domain. Chapter 2 provides an updated analysis of FATF requirements and Pakistan’s progress in meeting these international standards. A significant update includes expanded ‘Elements of Offence’ tables in Chapter 5 to include new offences, ensuring readers have a comprehensive understanding of the evolving legal landscape.
Additionally, the chapter on international cooperation has been thoroughly revamped to include the processes and procedures set out in the Mutual Legal Assistance (Criminal Matters) Act, 2020, offering deeper insights and practical guidance for practitioners.
This edition not only reflects the legal and procedural advancements in Pakistan but also embodies the continuous commitment and expertise of our research team. Their diligence in updating and refining the Guide ensures it remains an essential resource for criminal justice actors and policymakers. The ongoing support and guidance from the American Bar Association, Rule of Law Initiative (ABA-ROLI), have been instrumental in this endeavor.
The first edition of this Guide has been utilized by RSIL, state institutions, and public sector training academies across Pakistan to train thousands of criminal justice actors, analysts, and policymakers on AML/CFT legal frameworks over the past three years. It has become a part of the training curriculum in various police, prosecution, and judicial training academies across the country. As Pakistan continues to navigate the complexities of its AML/CFT obligations, this second edition is expected to further inform and enhance such capacity-building initiatives, serving as a valuable tool for those engaged in the fight against money laundering and terrorism financing in Pakistan.