This article highlights recent instances where international human rights standards have been recognised in Pakistan’s criminal courts and analyses how they may be used as a tool within the criminal justice system.
This piece is concerned with the enactment of ITO 2020 and its implementation or lack thereof, while relying on the seminal Lahore High Court judgement in Yasir v. the State case as a guiding framework.
The article analyses the obstacles that have prevented effective implementation of the Protection Against Harassment of Women at Workplace Act (PAHWWA) 2010, and the progress that has been achieved since it was enacted
This article focuses on the role of Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System (CJS) with regards to establishing rule of law, with an emphasis on two oft-stated issues – delays in the registration of First Information Reports (FIRs), and poorly implemented witness protection programs. In addition to highlighting the causes and effects of the aforementioned issues, it also sheds light on the apparent failure of recent interventions that were made to mitigate these problems, before concluding with possible suggestions to resolve these issues.
This article focuses on the existing legislation on probation and parole in Pakistan, and explores the possibility of reforms in the existing legislation.
This article explores the relevance of legal status under IHL and challenges to the established categories of civilians/combatants. The article looks at the legal ramifications of possessing a primary status of combatant or civilian, before analysing the three-category approach adopted by the United States, and the implications of this approach.
A society responds to crimes and wrongs in various ways. At an institutional level, it responds through its justice system, which manifests itself through its criminal and civil streams. The countries that accord priority to crimes and wrongs being caused to their citizens undertake serious academic research and then link the research to larger public policy to redress the grievances of their citizens.
In Pakistan’s society’s relationship to public policy is essentially emotional; the domain of criminal justice policy is no exception. There is hardly any discussion on sex crimes, especially rape and its species of offences, in the normal course of things.
On 4th November, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, launched a military operation against a non-state group, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), sparking a non-international armed conflict in the country. This offensive was undertaken after the TPLF attacked federal military units in the region
The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons entered into force on January 22, 2021 and is being celebrated by many as the dawn of a new nuclear order. The treaty is the first of its kind in that it comprehensively bans the development and possession of nuclear weapons and is a result of 50 years worth of attempts to curb the proliferation of such weapons. Its proponents argue that the treaty challenges the hegemony and moral exceptionalism of the states that continue to possess nuclear weapons