The article analyses the obstacles that have prevented effective implementation of the Protection Against Harassment of Women at Workplace Act (PAHWWA) 2010, and the progress that has been achieved since it was enacted
This article focuses on the role of Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System (CJS) with regards to establishing rule of law, with an emphasis on two oft-stated issues – delays in the registration of First Information Reports (FIRs), and poorly implemented witness protection programs. In addition to highlighting the causes and effects of the aforementioned issues, it also sheds light on the apparent failure of recent interventions that were made to mitigate these problems, before concluding with possible suggestions to resolve these issues.
This article focuses on the existing legislation on probation and parole in Pakistan, and explores the possibility of reforms in the existing legislation.
The Pakistan Prison Rules do not provide an adequate legal infrastructure to combat a viral pandemic outbreak. Rule 800 highlights the protocol for admission of new prisoners in situations where an epidemic disease is prevalent.
A society responds to crimes and wrongs in various ways. At an institutional level, it responds through its justice system, which manifests itself through its criminal and civil streams. The countries that accord priority to crimes and wrongs being caused to their citizens undertake serious academic research and then link the research to larger public policy to redress the grievances of their citizens.
The phenomenon of Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTFs) became a significant part of the international discourse in 2012, with the inflow of foreign fighters in Iraq and Syria to join the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria “ISIS” (also known as Islamic State of Iraq and Levant, or Daesh). In response to the threat posed by FTFs, Security Council Resolution 2178 was passed under binding Chapter VII powers, which urged member states to “ensure that their domestic laws and regulations establish serious criminal offences sufficient to provide the ability to prosecute and to penalize in a manner duly reflecting the seriousness of the offense”.
Owing to the latest national security concerns, the centrality and primacy of criminal law in meeting national security requirements cannot be discounted. This post examines areas of concern that must be considered while imagining the role of criminal law in national security.
Although the Covid-19 pandemic has brought the world to a halt, it has concomitantly boosted the criminal economy by creating unprecedented circumstances, easily exploitable by a few. This piece aims to highlight the financial vulnerabilities that have been created due to the Covid-19 pandemic, while briefly discussing the potential safeguards against the exploitation of such vulnerabilities, as suggested by FATF—the global money laundering and terrorist financing watchdog.
In Pakistan’s society’s relationship to public policy is essentially emotional; the domain of criminal justice policy is no exception. There is hardly any discussion on sex crimes, especially rape and its species of offences, in the normal course of things.
If Pound’s axiomatic first step is taken in understanding laws related to Financial Action Task Force (FATF), it will transpire that many laws have virtually been rewritten; these laws have affected civil, business, corporate, tax, criminal and regulatory regimes in a significant manner. The characteristic feature of FATF-related legislation is that it has linked civil and regulatory laws with criminal laws of the country.