This article discusses the key aspects of landmine use in Pakistan, including its historical analysis and present-day situation with regards to Pakistan’s commitment to international treaties.
This article discusses the phenomenon of urban violence in Pakistan through the philosophical lens of Rousseau’s, Hobbes’s and Locke’s theories of the State.
This article discusses the Indian forces’ practice of burning down homes in Indian occupied Jammu and Kashmir and the ways in which doing so violates the laws of war
This article sheds light on India and Pakistan’s missing Prisoners of War (POWs) and suggests possible solutions for their return
This article discusses the use of starvation as a method of warfare and its status under IHL and ICL using the case studies of Yemen and South Sudan.
This article explores the relevance of legal status under IHL and challenges to the established categories of civilians/combatants. The article looks at the legal ramifications of possessing a primary status of combatant or civilian, before analysing the three-category approach adopted by the United States, and the implications of this approach.
Another year has passed since India abrogated Article 370 and ended Jammu and Kashmir’s special autonomous status, turning it into an annexed and federally-controlled territory. Since then, the restless region has seen continued human rights violations, demographic changes, and a push to delimit the territory in order to allow Assembly elections to take place. India claims it is providing economic development and promoting democracy in Jammu and Kashmir when in fact it continues to breach international law. India’s attempt to show the valley as one where Kashmiris are finally reaping the dividends of peace is a smokescreen for a region where everything is far from normal. This article will analyse India’s actions in the past year and argue that despite Modi’s attempt to hide what is going on from the international stage, India’s continued clampdowns and authoritarianism in Jammu and Kashmir must not go unnoticed.
At the time of writing, at least 198 people have been killed in Gaza in the worst violence seen in the area since 2014. There have been weeks of spiraling tensions after the threatened eviction of families in Sheikh Jarrah and clashes at the Al-Aqsa mosque which have led to 200 people being injured, with Israel firing rubber bullets, tear gas and stun grenades into crowds.
Death is an anticipated outcome of war and those who die during an armed conflict, combatant and civilian alike, remain protected by IHL. The laws of armed conflict allow for the burial of those killed during an armed conflict in accordance with their religious rites.
On 4th November, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, launched a military operation against a non-state group, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), sparking a non-international armed conflict in the country. This offensive was undertaken after the TPLF attacked federal military units in the region