Climate change is the defining challenge of our time. As of today, we are not on track to avoid a climate disaster. If we don’t act now, we will see major cities under water, unprecedented heatwaves, widespread water shortages and the extinction of a million species of plants and animals. Pakistan is especially vulnerable to these threats.

We can, however, avoid this scenario. It is within our power and capacity to make the  changes necessary to secure our future. The Climate and Environment Initiative (CEI) by the Research Society of International Law (RSIL) hopes to play a role in this transition.

CEI envisions a climate-resilient world that recognises that climate change threats are already unprecedented and potentially existential. We hope to encourage action to address those threats in a manner that is proportionate to their scale and impact. We believe that strengthening the effectiveness of legal solutions will be key to conquering the world’s climate change and environmental problems.

Climate Change & Human Rights

The interdependence and interrelatedness of human rights and the environment was first recognised in Principle 1 of the 1972 Stockholm Declaration. However, it was not until the signing of the Paris Agreement in 2015 that a major international normative instrument on climate change made explicit reference to human rights. As the scientific community has arrived at a consensus on the ways in which climate change affects the human population, there has also been an increase in discourse around the nature of the linkages between climate change and human rights. Through its research, the Climate and Environment Initiative (CEI) explores the different ways in which climate change and human rights are inextricably linked and how international human rights law can provide an avenue to tackle climate change.

Climate Change & Human Rights Blog

Biodiversity loss prompted by habitat loss, unsustainable resource use, and climate change is, therefore, not only an environmental issue but is a development, economic, and global security. Biodiversity loss and climate change are intertwined as the underlying drivers for both are mostly the same. Conservation of biodiversity from critical threats (including climate change) is a shared mandate of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). CEI explores biodiversity loss and its relationship with climate change by assessing significant threats to biodiversity and highlighting conservation strategies to reverse biodiversity loss.


This policy brief examines loss and damage under the UN climate change regime and provides recommendations to operationalise it.

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cei-national park dashboard

This interactive map gives the location of all national parks in Pakistan

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Biodiversity Blog
Other thematic areas

In addition to Climate Change & Human Rights and Biodiversity, CEI has also worked on air pollution, issues of climate finance and global environmental movements

Other CEI Blogs