Biodiversity loss prompted by habitat loss, unsustainable resource use, and climate change is, therefore, not only an environmental issue but is a development, economic, and global security. Biodiversity loss and climate change are intertwined as the underlying drivers for both are mostly the same. Conservation of biodiversity from critical threats (including climate change) is a shared mandate of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). CEI explores biodiversity loss and its relationship with climate change by assessing significant threats to biodiversity and highlighting conservation strategies to reverse biodiversity loss.


This policy brief examines loss and damage under the UN climate change regime and provides recommendations to operationalise it.

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cei-national park dashboard

This interactive map gives the location of all national parks in Pakistan

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