Project Overview

The Project serves as a compilation of the relevant rules and procedures applicable to a particular case or a complaint as it progresses through the Criminal Justice System.

Executive Summary/Description

The document endeavours to give a comprehensive understanding of the Trial and Pre-Trial processes that apply to criminal cases, in general, as well as cases prosecuted under the Anti-Terrorism Act, 1997. The aim behind this Project, done in collaboration with the UNODC, is to prepare an accessible/user friendly document which explains the processes through narratives and visual representations. This servers as a useful guide for the Police, Judges, Prosecutors and Defence Lawyers alike so as to aid them in not only their understanding of the different legal provisions available to them but also enhance their capacity to prosecute/defend/adjudicate/investigate the cases and complaints before them.

The scope of the document has been kept broad so as to include provisions from the Code of Criminal Procedure, Anti-Terrorism Act, 1997, Pakistan Penal Code, Police Rules 1934 and Provincial Prosecutorial Acts.


To enhance the understanding and build capacity of actors in the criminal justice system.

Date:  June, 2018 – August, 2018

Team: Hijab Siddiqui, Shayan Ahmed Khan, Abdul Ghani

Project Partner: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime [UNODC]



Table of Contents
  • Relevant Articles of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973
  • Hierarchy of Judiciary and Police in Pakistan
  • Common Cognizable, Bailable and Compoundable Offences under the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860
  • Pre-Trial and Trial Processes (FIR, Investigation, Arrest, Bail, Remand, Trial by Magistrates/Trial by Courts of Session)
  • Terrorism Offences