Identification Parade is an investigation tool used by the police to help identify the culprit, given there is a witness. It involves lining the suspect of a crime with individuals (dummies) that match their description. A witness is then required to identify the suspect out of the individuals. The identification test is normally conducted when an accused is not previously known to the witnesses and they have his momentary glimpse. It becomes imperative to hold such a test if the witnesses claim that they can identify the accused, if brought before them. Admittedly, no instruction or the details regarding the holding of identification test stand incorporated in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 or in the Qanun-e-Shahadat Order 1984. Article 22 of Qanun-e-Shahadat Order 1984 which is normally referred for identification test only pertains to its relevance and does not provide any procedure.

Certain guidelines to be followed when conducting an Identification Parade are given in Rules and Orders of the Lahore High Court Volume 3 Chapter 11, Part-C.392. The identification parade proceeding details are recorded in the case diaries and the identification parade proceeding certificate is attached with the judicial file record. The evidentiary value of an identification parade has been elaborated by Supreme Court in 2017 SCMR 135, wherein the judgment states, “In the identification parade, if the accused is identified without any reference to the role played by them in the incident in issue, then such a test identification parade is legally laconic and is of no evidentiary value”. The delay in conducting the identification parade may expose the witness to the accused and hence may compromise the credibility of the procedure of the Identification Parade.