War has changed significantly in the twenty-first century and is no longer waged by armies facing each other across a battlefield fighting for victory. The technological revolution has done much to change the means and methods by which states engage in conflict, whether through autonomous weapons, cyber attacks, or nanotechnology. The underlying question is whether international law can keep up with rapid advances in technology given it was drafted decades before such methods were even imaginable. The Conflict Law Centre seeks to foster debate and offer a critical look at emerging technologies and their use in warfare from the perspective of Pakistan in particular and the Global South in general. Our research aims to shed light on state practice in relation to these technologies, the what and how of international law’s application to them, and the ways in which they comply (or don’t) with the law