This article explores the relevance of legal status under IHL and challenges to the established categories of civilians/combatants. The article looks at the legal ramifications of possessing a primary status of combatant or civilian, before analysing the three-category approach adopted by the United States, and the implications of this approach.
The Conflict Law Centre is a unique portal at RSIL which is dedicated to the law of armed conflict. The CLC was founded in September 2015 and undertakes independent, rigorous, quality and in-depth research in order to enhance understanding of, and promote respect for, international humanitarian law. The Centre’s research papers, blogs, events and other outputs address current issues, stimulate debate, and examine under-explored topics.
Our research focuses on all aspects of an armed conflict, including recourse to the use of force (the jus ad bellum), the conduct of war (jus in bello), and post-conflict transition and reconstruction (jus post bellum). We provide authoritative analysis of these areas for a broad audience which includes the government, academics, civil society and students. The CLC also works closely with the Centre of International Law at National Defence University as a source of legal reference in order to support informed policy choices.